Archive

Posts Tagged ‘James Madison’

Call a Constitutional Convention, Already! Article V: A gift from the founders.

March 14, 2014 7 comments

Call a Constitutional Convention, Already! Article V: A gift from the founders.

am spectator ^ | 3/14/14 | Allen Mendenhall

Posted on Friday, March 14, 2014 8:46:08 AM by bestintxas

obama-destruction1

obama-destruction1 (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

I talked endlessly about using a Constitutional convention to wrest the reins of government from entrenched interests and put them back in the hands of the people. Enough talk: It’s time to put the theory into action.

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Read more…

A How-To Guide to Blowing Up the Constitution… (See Related Articles!)

November 1, 2013 1 comment

A How-To Guide to Blowing Up the Constitution

National Journal ^ | October 31, 2013 | Alex Seitz-Wald

Posted on Friday, November 01, 2013 12:09:00 PM by C19fan

big

big (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

America, we\’ve got some bad news: Our Constitution isn\’t going to make it. It\’s had 224 years of commendable, often glorious service, but there\’s a time for everything, and the government shutdown and permanent-crisis governance signal that it\’s time to think about moving on. \”No society can make a perpetual constitution,\” Thomas Jefferson wrote to James Madison in 1789, the year ours took effect. \”

Read more…

Constitution Gives House of Reps the “Weapon” to Destroy ObamaCare

October 5, 2013 5 comments
barbflag

barbflag (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

Constitution Gives House of Reps the “Weapon” to Destroy ObamaCareThe New American ^ | 10/4/2013 | Joe Wolverton II, JDPosted on 10/05/2013 8:08:34 AM PDT by IbJensen

 

 

 

 

***

 

obampoint

obampoint (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

Can there be a more fruitful source of dispute, or a kind of dispute more difficult to be settled?— James Madison speaking at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 on the spending bill battles between the House and Senate that would occur.

 

 

 

 

 

*****

 

 

 

 

As the “Government Shutdown” puppet show continues its run in Washington, D.C., there is power in the Constitution to close down the entire production.

 

 

 

Read more…

Senate Website Disavows Supreme Court Ruling On “Individual” Rights Of 2nd Amendment

September 26, 2013 1 comment

Originally posted on YouViewed/Editorial:

Senate Website Says 2nd Amendment Unclear: Rights May Be ‘Collective’

 

 

The Senate’s official website page on the Constitution says the Second Amendment right to bear arms could be a collective right, not an individual freedom.

The website explains the Second Amendment this way: “Whether this provision protects the individual’s right to own firearms or whether it deals only with the collective right of the people to arm and maintain a militia has long been debated.”

The Bill of Rights, however, was the Founding Father’s way of guaranteeing each and every individual their “unalienable rights,” as “endowed” by God. On top of that, the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled — at least twice in the past five years — that the Second Amendment is an individual right, Breitbart reported.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

View original

Gunny G: WHAT IS THE “ENABLING DOCUMENT” FOR BIG GOVERNMEMT IN THE U. S. ?????

August 24, 2013 23 comments
big

big (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt.

~ James Madison

“But whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain — that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it. In either case, it is unfit to exist.”

~ Lysander Spooner

gophum

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Today, 17 September 2009, is Constitution Day. There will be paeans, abundant commentary and church-like observances of the glories of this document in making us the most blessed nation on planet earth. This essay suggests a contrarian thesis.

Read more…

The surprising ages of the Founding Fathers on July 4, 1776

August 14, 2013 1 comment

The surprising ages of the Founding Fathers on July 4, 1776

 

kottke.org ^ | August 13, 2013 | Todd Andrlik

 

Posted on Tuesday, August 13, 2013 6:43:07 PM by NYer

 

obampoint

obampoint (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

For the Journal of the American Revolution, Todd Andrlik compiled a list of the ages of the key participants in the Revolutionary War as of July 4, 1776. Many of them were surprisingly young:

 

Marquis de Lafayette, 18

 

James Monroe, 18

 

Gilbert Stuart, 20

 

barbflag

barbflag (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

Read more…

Is There a Constitution? – by Joseph Stromberg… “…that Madison swindled the ratifiers, and that this Original Swindle justifies all later swindles by Presidents, Congresses, and Courts. One might beg to differ. Indeed, the original understanding – decisively shaped by the propaganda of Madison, Hamilton, and Jay in the Federalist Papers – was fairly straightforward. The Constitution was, on the reading “sold” by the Constitution’s backers, a document which set up a few rules for the working of a general government for the common interests of the states. The Constitution would exist “between” the ratifying states; it was not set “over” them by a higher power.”

August 5, 2013 1 comment
James Madison, Hamilton's major collaborator, ...

James Madison, Hamilton’s major collaborator, later President of the United States and “Father of the Constitution” (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

by Joseph Stromberg

I now proceed to answer my own question: If the events of the last few weeks are any guide, then of course there is no Constitution. This should hardly come as a surprise to those high-minded liberals who have been hawking the virtues of a flexible, plastic, evolving Constitution for many decades. Yet, some of them, out of sheer sentimentality as regards the First Amendment, would now draw back from the militarist abyss lately reopened by the current administration in the name of Homeland Security.

Such liberal dissenters have not attended the many lectures offered by Neo-Conservative spokesmen like Jay Winik, the gist of which is that we can give up many of our civil liberties for the duration of the Emergency and then get them back again, only slightly wrinkled and stained. Since other low-minded Neo-Con spokesmen have announced that the Emergency may go on for decades, the exact date at which this fairy-tale ending – the return of liberty – will occur is left hanging in the Hegelian breeze. Perhaps the Neos should coordinate their propaganda a bit more tightly.

 

 

 

Read more…

The Internet Map…

July 28, 2013 1 comment
sheepdog

sheepdog (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Internet Map

 

Read more…

GUNNY G: CAN YOU IMAGINE WHAT OUR “ENABLING DOCUMENT” FOR BIG GOVERNMENT REALLY MEANS ?????

July 22, 2013 164 comments

By: William Buppert ~ The Constitution: The God That Failed – “The Constitution is an enabling document for big government. Much like the Wizard of Oz, the man behind the curtain is a fraud. In this case, for all the sanctimonious handwringing and the obsequious idolatry of the parchment, it sealed the fate of our liberties and freedoms and has operated for more than 200 years as a cover for massive expansion of the tools and infrastructure of statist expansion and oppression. “

By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt.

~ James Madison

“But whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain — that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it. In either case, it is unfit to exist.”

~ Lysander Spooner

bigbrowatchbigbrowatch (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Today, 17 September 2009, is Constitution Day. There will be paeans, abundant commentary and church-like observances of the glories of this document in making us the most blessed nation on planet earth. This essay suggests a contrarian thesis. The Constitution is an enabling document for big government. Much like the Wizard of Oz, the man behind the curtain is a fraud. In this case, for all the sanctimonious handwringing and the obsequious idolatry of the parchment, it sealed the fate of our liberties and freedoms and has operated for more than 200 years as a cover for massive expansion of the tools and infrastructure of statist expansion and oppression.

Read more…

By: William Buppert ~ The Constitution: The God That Failed – “The Constitution is an enabling document for big government. Much like the Wizard of Oz, the man behind the curtain is a fraud. In this case, for all the sanctimonious handwringing and the obsequious idolatry of the parchment, it sealed the fate of our liberties and freedoms and has operated for more than 200 years as a cover for massive expansion of the tools and infrastructure of statist expansion and oppression. “

July 21, 2013 150 comments

By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt.

~ James Madison

“But whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain — that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it. In either case, it is unfit to exist.”

~ Lysander Spooner

bigbrowatch

bigbrowatch (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Today, 17 September 2009, is Constitution Day. There will be paeans, abundant commentary and church-like observances of the glories of this document in making us the most blessed nation on planet earth. This essay suggests a contrarian thesis. The Constitution is an enabling document for big government. Much like the Wizard of Oz, the man behind the curtain is a fraud. In this case, for all the sanctimonious handwringing and the obsequious idolatry of the parchment, it sealed the fate of our liberties and freedoms and has operated for more than 200 years as a cover for massive expansion of the tools and infrastructure of statist expansion and oppression.

Read more…

““Patrick Henry is widely known as a major figure at the beginning of the Revolution. His name was synonymous with radicalism and dissent by colonist and English alike. It is said that his Stamp Act Resolutions were the first shots fired in the Revolution. His dissent did not end with the winning of freedom though. Henry’s concern for individual liberties and state sovereignty made him the chief dissenter…during the debate concerning the Constitution.”So why did Patrick Henry refuse to addend the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia? And why did he state his reason for not attending with the words “Because I small a rat”?”…..Conspiracy in Philadelphia | Planet Infowars

July 9, 2013 1 comment

Conspiracy in Philadelphiaby Jerry Johnson, President,NiceneCouncil.comThomas Jewett writes, “Patrick Henry is widely known as a major figure at the beginning of the Revolution. His name was synonymous with radicalism and dissent by colonist and English alike. It is said that his Stamp Act Resolutions were the first shots fired in the Revolution. His dissent did not end with the winning of freedom though.

 

 

 

big

big (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

Henry’s concern for individual liberties and state sovereignty made him the chief dissenter…during the debate concerning the Constitution.”So why did Patrick Henry refuse to addend the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia? And why did he state his reason for not attending with the words “Because I small a rat”?On May 25th, 1787, a group of 55 men gathered for a closed meeting in Philadelphia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Officially, it was being convened to discuss alterations to the constitution of the United States of America: the Articles of Confederation. Some state legislatures had authorized their representatives to attend the meeting only on this basis, explicitly prohibiting them from considering a new constitution.However, as soon as the meeting opened, the outline of a new constitution was submitted. Three more plans were submitted within days. There were no discussions at any time of a revision of the Articles.

 

rprprprp

rprprprp (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

The Articles would simply have to be replaced.To make certain that the general public did not find out about the nature of this conspiracy, the convention members swore an oath not to discuss any proceedings with the public…for the rest of their lives. The only first-hand accounts of the proceedings were published several years later after the death of the last survivor, James Madison, in 1836

 

 

 

Read more…

The Constitution: The God That Failed – “The document was drafted in the summer of 1787 behind closed doors in tremendous secrecy because if word leaked out of the actual contents and intent, the revolution that had just concluded would have been set ablaze again. They were in a race against time and did everything in their power to ensure that the adoption took place as quickly as possible to avoid reflection and contemplation in the public square that would kill the proposal once the consequences of its agenda became apparent. They were insisting that the states ratify first and then propose amendments later. It was a political coup d’état. It was nothing less than an oligarchical coup to ensure that the moneyed interests, banksters and aristocrats could cement their positions and mimic the United Kingdom from which they had been recently divorced.” ~ LewRockwell

July 7, 2013 15 comments

By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt.

~ James Madison

“But whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain — that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it. In either case, it is unfit to exist.”

~ Lysander Spooner

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Today, 17 September 2009, is Constitution Day. There will be paeans, abundant commentary and church-like observances of the glories of this document in making us the most blessed nation on planet earth. This essay suggests a contrarian thesis.

The Constitution is an enabling document for big government. Much like the Wizard of Oz, the man behind the curtain is a fraud. In this case, for all the sanctimonious handwringing and the obsequious idolatry of the parchment, it sealed the fate of our liberties and freedoms and has operated for more than 200 years as a cover for massive expansion of the tools and infrastructure of statist expansion and oppression.

big

big (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Among the many intellectual travels I have undertaken, this is one of the most heart-breaking I have ventured on. I want to acknowledge the compass-bearers who sent me on this journey: Kenneth W. Royce (aka Boston T. Party) and his seminal book,

The Hologram of Liberty and Kevin Gutzman’s Politically Incorrect Guide to the Constitution. For most of the political spectrum in America, the document represents their interpretation of how to make this mortal coil paradise. Even in libertarian circles, it is taken as an article of faith the Constitution is a brilliant mechanism to enlarge liberty and keep government at bay. That is a lie.

Read more…

Totalitarian Subversion- Can we Awaken from the Nightmare? Alan Keyes

May 18, 2013 2 comments

Totalitarian Subversion – Can we Awaken from the Nightmare?
Loyal to Liberty ^ | 5-18-2013 | Loyal to Liberty (Alan Keyes) – Commentary

Posted on Saturday, May 18, 2013 9:39:09 PM by smoothsailing

Totalitarian Subversion- Can we Awaken from the Nightmare?

by LOYALTOLIBERTY on MAY 18, 2013

English: Barack Obama delivers a speech at the...

English: Barack Obama delivers a speech at the University of Southern California (Video of the speech) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Whatever Obama, Hilary Clinton, Susan Rice and other Obama faction officials were seeking to achieve with their lies about the terrorist murders of U.S. officials in Benghazi; whatever the full extent of the ideologically motivated political abuses at the IRS, one thing is clear. Except for mindless apparatchiks, thoughtlessly loyal to the Obama cult, (like Chris Matthews and Al Sharpton, for example) no sane person can now consider it crazy or irrational to distrust the words and actions of those presently controlling the U.S. government. These scandals show the self-serving ‘chutzpah’ of Obama’s snide dismissal of people who “warn of government as nothing more than some separate, sinister entity that’s at the root of all our problems….They’ll warn that tyranny [is] always lurking just around the corner. You should reject these voices.”

In one respect, Obama’s words ring true. Tyranny isn’t just around the corner. It is already upon us. Its forces are not yet confident enough to employ the ‘Gestapo’ tactics routinely associated with socialist dictatorship. But they have obviously been using their control of the Federal bureaucracy to repress and intimidate individuals and grassroots organizations, preoccupying their time and depleting their resources. Should we be encouraged by the fact that these abuses are now being openly discussed and decried? Only if the stir actually leads to actions that effectively curtail them, while establishing am oversight mechanism that assures continually formal and public scrutiny, to make sure that they cannot be repeated without an immediate outcry.

But what if no such action is taken? Inaction is likely, given the collaborative mindset of the GOP leaders in the U.S. House, and the Obama faction’s solid majority in the U.S. Senate. If it happens these abuses will recur in a more virulent form. And they will spread, like an infection treated with an inadequate course of antibiotics. People will realize that the abuses are still in train, and that their elected officials have done nothing to reduce each individual’s vulnerability. Increasingly tinged with fear, the angry public reaction against the abuses will wane. Spreading from one individual to another, as episodes of abuse proliferate, this individual fear will gradually intensify until it dominates the public mind. This is the way tyranny subverts peace of mind.

Read more…

(GyG: IF THIS ONE DON’T GRAB YA, MAYBE YER An AINO !) ~ Madison Rising, a Rock Band, Sings The National Anthem… “Madison Rising is the name of the young ROCK band – named after James Madison, believe it or not. The lead singer is a Navy Vet. This is their version of The Star Bangled Banner, and it’s gorgeous, for any generation. I hope you like it. It’s been on the facebook, but facebook has been removing it. I’ve been sharing it on all my accoutns and on the Tea Party Community page.”

May 7, 2013 2 comments
James Madison, Hamilton's major collaborator, ...

James Madison, Hamilton’s major collaborator, later President of the United States and “Father of the Constitution” (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Madison Rising, a Rock Band, Sings The National Anthem

MRC TV ^ | Today | No author

Posted on Tuesday, May 07, 2013 10:10:37 AM by CaptainPhilFan

Good morning! I’m sorry to post a vanity here, but I have to share this music video with you, in case you haven’t seen it.

Madison Rising is the name of the young ROCK band – named after James Madison, believe it or not. The lead singer is a Navy Vet.

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

This is their version of The Star Bangled Banner, and it’s gorgeous, for any generation. I hope you like it.

It’s been on the facebook, but facebook has been removing it. I’ve been sharing it on all my accoutns and on the Tea Party Community page.

Read more…

Endangered: The Constitution

April 28, 2013 1 comment
big

big (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

Endangered: The Constitution

 

Townhall.com ^ | 4/26/13 | Mark Baisley

 

Posted on Sunday, April 28, 2013 10:06:31 AM by harpu

 

 

 

 

 

This article is on the Bill of Rights in the United States Constitution. My purpose in posting this exposé is to do my part in calling Americans back to their spawning grounds of liberty. Based on recent trends, I fear that if we don’t frequent our founding principles then Ronald Reagan’s warning could be realized, that “Freedom is never more than one generation away from extinction.”

 

obampoint

obampoint (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

 

 

Read more…

Barack Hussein Obama Will Be The Last United States President…… | Obama

April 26, 2013 1 comment

(Before It’s News)

 

obama-will-be-americas-last-president-martial-law

 

The end of the line The United States of America was started by Puritans with the Holy Bible who made a covenant with God for the new nation. America at its inception in 1776 was a wonder to behold. James Madison said this: “

 

boston-bombing-was-dress-rehearsal-for-martial-law-obama

 

”We have staked the whole future of American civilization, not upon the power of government, far from it. We have staked the future of all of our political institutions upon the capacity of mankind of self-government; upon the capacity of each and all of us to govern ourselves, to control ourselves, to sustain ourselves according to the Ten Commandments of God.” boston-bombing-was-dress-rehearsal-for-martial-law-obama

 

Secretary of State James Madison, who won Marb...

Secretary of State James Madison, who won Marbury v. Madison, but lost Judicial review. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

Read more…

Should the US Switch to a Parliamentary System? (This Question Hasn’t Been Asked Since Jimmy Carter) Pacific Standard Magazine ^ | April 9, 2013 | Seth Masket

April 24, 2013 4 comments

Should the US Switch to a Parliamentary System? (This Question Hasn’t Been Asked Since Jimmy Carter)
Pacific Standard Magazine ^ | April 9, 2013 | Seth Masket

Posted on Tuesday, April 23, 2013 9:28:06 PM by DogByte6RER

parliament photo: Parliament Parliament.jpg

Institutions Worthy of Our Parties: Should the U.S. Switch to a Parliamentary System?

Efforts to curb legislative partisanship have weak track records, so maybe we should consider changing the other side of the equation in order to establish a government that can actually get things done.

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Rick Hasen has a really interesting paper up discussing partisan polarization and the possibility of changing the Constitution to deal with it. (And you should really read Jonathan Bernstein’s response, too.) Hasen starts off by asking whether we should be considering moving toward a more parliamentary style of government.

It’s a fair question. We have what looks like a serious mismatch between our parties and our governing institutions. We live in an era of sharply distinct, internally disciplined, programmatic parties with very different visions of how the nation should be run. That’s fine—we have some time-honored institutions, such as elections and majority-rule legislatures, for settling disagreements, even when the disagreements are sharp.

Read more…

The Founders’ Great Mistake… ““The creation of the presidency was [the Framers’] most creative act.” That may be true, but it wasn’t their best work. ” !!!!! – Garrett Epps – The Atlantic

April 13, 2013 1 comment

The historian Jack N. Rakove has written, “The creation of the presidency was [the Framers’] most creative act.” That may be true, but it wasn’t their best work. The Framers were designing something the modern world had never seen—a republican chief executive who would owe his power to the people rather than to heredity or brute force.

 

RPREVOLU

RPREVOLU (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

 

 

The wonder is not that they got so much wrong, but that they got anything right at all.

 

According to James Madison’s Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787, the executive received surprisingly little attention at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. Debate over the creation and workings of the new Congress was long and lively; the presidency, by contrast, was fashioned relatively quickly, after considerably less discussion.

 

One important reason for the delegates’ reticence was that George Washington, the most admired man in the world at that time, was the convention’s president.

 

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

 

 

Every delegate knew that Washington would, if he chose, be the first president of the new federal government—and that the new government itself would likely fail without Washington at the helm. To express too much fear of executive authority might have seemed disrespectful to the man for whom the office was being tailored.

 

Read more…

GOVERNMENT IS FIRE!

April 3, 2013 2 comments

GOVERNMENT IS FIRE!

 

TPNN – TEA PARTY NEWS NETWORK ^ | April 2, 2013 | Matthew Burke

 

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

Posted on Tuesday, April 02, 2013 8:46:12 PM by SaveOurRepublicFromTyranny

 

“Government is not reason; it is not eloquent; it is force. Like fire, it is a dangerous servant and a fearful master.”

 

Read more…

(“The original charter of the drafters was to pen improvements to the existing Articles of Confederation. Instead, they chose to hijack the process and create a document which enslaved the nation. Federalist in the old parlance meant states rights and subsidiarity but the three authors of the fabled Federalist Papers supported everything but that. “) ~ The Constitution: The God That Failed (To Liberate Us From Big Government) by William Buppert

March 21, 2013 44 comments

By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt.

~ James Madison

big

big (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

“But whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain — that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it. In either case, it is unfit to exist.”

~ Lysander Spooner

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Today, 17 September 2009, is Constitution Day. There will be paeans, abundant commentary and church-like observances of the glories of this document in making us the most blessed nation on planet earth. This essay suggests a contrarian thesis. The Constitution is an enabling document for big government. Much like the Wizard of Oz, the man behind the curtain is a fraud.

In this case, for all the sanctimonious handwringing and the obsequious idolatry of the parchment, it sealed the fate of our liberties and freedoms and has operated for more than 200 years as a cover for massive expansion of the tools and infrastructure of statist expansion and oppression. Among the many intellectual travels I have undertaken, this is one of the most heart-breaking I have ventured on. I want to acknowledge the compass-bearers who sent me on this journey: Kenneth W. Royce (aka Boston T. Party) and his seminal book,

Read more…

GUNNY G: DIDN’T TAKE THIS GUY LONG TO GO NORTH! WE DO NOT OWE ANY DAMN FOREIGN AID! STOP PAYING IT NOW!

March 15, 2013 Leave a comment

GUNNY G: DIDN’T TAKE THIS GUY LONG TO GO NORTH!

http://gunnyg.wordpress.com/2013/03/15/rand-paul-not-one-penny-to-countries-that-burn-our-flag/

pogopogo2

First of all, we don’t owe the world any foreign aid!
Likewise, we don’t owe domestic aid, either!

rprprprp

rprprprp (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Short and sweet like the old woman’s dance, and she hasn’t sung yet, btw!

Semper Fidelis
*****

Read more…

Kelleigh Nelson — Constitutional Convention Call Redux, Part 1… “I have also repeatedly given my opinion that there is no effective way to limit or muzzle the actions of a Constitution Convention. The Convention could make its own rules and set its own agenda. Congressmen might try to limit the Convention to one amendment or to one issue, but there is no way to assure that the Convention would obey it.” —Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, Warren E. Burger

March 13, 2013 144 comments

NewsWithViews.com

“I have also repeatedly given my opinion that there is no effective way to limit or muzzle the actions of a Constitution Convention. The Convention could make its own rules and set its own agenda. Congressmen might try to limit the Convention to one amendment or to one issue, but there is no way to assure that the Convention would obey it.” —Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, Warren E. Burger

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

“Having witnessed the difficulties and dangers experienced by the first Convention, I would tremble for the result of the second.” —James Madison, Father of the Constitution and fourth President of the United States

“All men having power ought to be distrusted to a certain degree.” —James Madison, speech at the Constitutional Convention, July 11, 1787

Read more…

Traitors to the American Revolution… by Thomas DiLorenzo

February 20, 2013 3 comments

EXCERPT!!!!!

 

…..It would require a brutal, uncompromising dictator to overthrow the federal system and adopt a British-style consolidated, mercantilist empire. As Taylor wrote (p. 237): “It seems to be nature’s law, that every species of concentrated sovereignty over extensive territories, whether monarchical, aristocratical, democratical, or mixed, must be despotick.

 

English: Author at CPAC in .

English: Author at CPAC in . (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

In no case has a concentrated power over great territories been sustained, except by mercenary armies; and whenever power is thus sustained, despotism is the consequence.” Furthermore, “the ignorance and partiality of a concentrated form of government, can only be enforced by armies; and the peculiar ability of the states to resist, promises that resistance would be violent; so that a national government must be either precarious or despotick” (p. 238).

 

Yates’s notes quote James Madison as warning at the constitutional convention that “the great danger to our federal government, is the great northern and southern interests of the continent being opposed to each other” (Taylor, p. 248). Taylor quotes Madison to predict the War for Southern Independence, which would occur almost four decades later.

 

 

 

If northern, southern, or western interests are in sharp conflict, he wrote, and “if either can acquire local advantages from a national supremacy, it will aggravate the geographical danger apprehended by a Mr. Madison, a perpetual warfare of intrigues will ensue, and a dissolution of the union will result” (p. 249).

 

Read more…

Gunny G: Back Where We Came From Is Where We Oughta Go…..

February 19, 2013 4 comments
Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Axiom 3: Back to the Articles of Confederation as America’s Central Government

16
Is Restoring the Articles of Confederation America’s Last Chance to Control Washington?
***

Ron Holland

Americans demanding a return to limited government, a balanced budget and an end to spiraling sovereign debt have been voting for the GOP for decades and the result has been total failure on all counts. To accomplish these goals we really must turn the government structure back to our first government model, the Articles of Confederation, so the centers of real power are at the state rather than the federal level. Since 1913, it has been very easy, between maintaining the two-party monopoly and buying off Congress, for the power elite to control leviathan from the top down. This would be far more difficult if power, authority and programs were decentralized and returned to control of the individual states.

Changing the government does not mean voting in another president or changing whether the Democrats or GOP control the House or Senate. Both parties are equally guilty and responsible for the downfall of America. Yes, I would certainly prefer Rand Paul to another Democrat president following the second term of Barak Obama. And of course more liberty-oriented state house representatives as well as senators and congress members at the federal level would help to get the liberty message out.

Read more…

The Constitution: The God That Failed (To Liberate Us From Big Government) by William Buppert « AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

February 1, 2013 204 comments

by William Buppert

 

Recently by William Buppert: Secession, Five Years Later

 

By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt.

 

~ James Madison

 

big

big (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

Articles_of_Confederation_1977_Issue-13c.jpg

 

Articles_of_Confederation_1977_Issue-13c.jpg (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

“But whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain — that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it. In either case, it is unfit to exist.”

 

~ Lysander Spooner

 

 

Today, 17 September 2009, is Constitution Day. There will be paeans, abundant commentary and church-like observances of the glories of this document in making us the most blessed nation on planet earth. This essay suggests a contrarian thesis.

 

Read more…

The Daily Bell – Axiom 3: Back to the Articles of Confederation as America’s Central Government

January 31, 2013 186 comments

Americans demanding a return to limited government, a balanced budget and an end to spiraling sovereign debt have been voting for the GOP for decades and the result has been total failure on all counts. To accomplish these goals we really must turn the government structure back to our first government model, the Articles of Confederation, so the centers of real power are at the state rather than the federal level. Since 1913, i

 

obampoint

obampoint (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

t has been very easy, between maintaining the two-party monopoly and buying off Congress, for the power elite to control leviathan from the top down. This would be far more difficult if power, authority and programs were decentralized and returned to control of the individual states.

 

Changing the government does not mean voting in another president or changing whether the Democrats or GOP control the House or Senate. Both parties are equally guilty and responsible for the downfall of America. Yes, I would certainly prefer Rand Paul to another Democrat president following the second term of Barak Obama. And of course more liberty-oriented state house representatives as well as senators and congress members at the federal level would help to get the liberty message out.

 

Read more…

Gil Gilbertson — Sheriff Will Not Obey Unlawful, Unconstitutional Orders

January 17, 2013 1 comment

Dear Mr. Vice President,

 

As the elected Sheriff of this County, I am saddled with the duty, as well as responsibility, to uphold the Constitution and protect those people who placed their trust in me to do what is right.

 

photograph of the justices, cropped to show Ju...

photograph of the justices, cropped to show Justice Scalia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

I believe in our Constitution and all it stands for. We, you and I, are sworn to protect and defend our Constitution as required through the “Oath of Office”. This same Constitutional form of government provided us with the most privileged, and envied, country in world history.

 

Read more…

Gun Confiscation – Last Refuge of the Tyrant | Veterans Today

January 14, 2013 2 comments

Few polarizing subjects are more hotly debated than gun control. Usually lost in the fray of emotional diatribes to ban guns, are the historic empirical foundations of our forefathers who fought a revolution to escape from imperial tyranny.

 

The true reality in today’s AmeriKa is that individual liberty is the most despised activity that any citizen can exert in their lives. Both the popular state worship culture and the authoritarian hoodlums that run the government are so fearful of armed independent citizens, that they are eager to burn the Bill of Rights. Face it, the government is committed to force you to be a ward of the state and will kill you if you resist.

 

Read more…

The Daily Bell – Jettison the Constitution?

January 3, 2013 39 comments

Let’s Give Up on the Constitution … As the nation teeters at the edge of fiscal chaos, observers are reaching the conclusion that the American system of government is broken. But almost no one blames the culprit: our insistence on obedience to the Constitution, with all its archaic, idiosyncratic and downright evil provisions …

RPREVOLU

RPREVOLU (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Our obsession with the Constitution has saddled us with a dysfunctional political system, kept us from debating the merits of divisive issues and inflamed our public discourse. Instead of arguing about what is to be done, we argue about what James Madison might have wanted done 225 years ago. – New York Times

Dominant Social Theme: We need a new approach and strong leaders.

Free-Market Analysis: Our trends for 2013 featured the advance of German-style National Socialism in the US, and this probably qualifies along those lines.

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

The Times article unapologetically makes the argument for doing away with the US Constitution but what is to be substituted and how it is to work is not made clear.

Read more…

U.S. Constitution Created an Empire « LewRockwell.com Blog

December 17, 2012 12 comments

The U.S. Constitution created an empire. Although the evidence for this fact is overwhelming, it’s revisionist history because of the ingrained concept, reinforced by centuries of teaching and repetition, that the government created was a republic or a federated republic. With the glorification of this central government and continual reiteration by its supporters of its “virtues,” the Articles of Confederation have been shunted aside and treated as a shabby and weak form of government.

 

RPREVOLU

RPREVOLU (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

Indeed, the central government’s overt form had voting for representatives and no emperor, but functionally and operationally it had centralized power and it had the potential to consolidate and grow that centralized power. The central government was over and above the states in the critical areas where the empire could grow. In practice, the Congress-Executive-Judiciary took the place of an emperor. The key question is not where the powers to make critical decisions lay in the new U.S. government as compared with other empires, but the scope of those powers.

 

Read more…

The Constitution: The God That Failed To Liberate Us From Big Government ~ by William Buppert

September 15, 2012 Leave a comment

 

 

 

GyGRet

GyGRet (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 by William Buppert: Secession, Five Years Later

 

By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt.~ James Madison“But whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain — that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it.

 

Read more…

Rand Paul unloads on Obama in Tampa

August 30, 2012 Leave a comment

 

‘We will not let you bankrupt this great nation!’

 

GyGRet

GyGRet (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

RPREVOLU

RPREVOLU (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

A transcript of remarks by U.S. Sen. Rand Paul, R-Ky., at the Republican National Convention, Wednesday, Aug. 29, 2012, as prepared for delivery:

 

When the Supreme Court upheld Obamacare, the first words out of my mouth were: I still think it is unconstitutional!

 

gophum

gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

The left-wing blogs were merciless. Even my wife said – can’t you please count to ten before you speak?

 

So, I’ve had time now to count to ten and, you know what – I still think it’s unconstitutional!

 

Do you think Justice Scalia and Justice Thomas have changed their minds?

 

I think if James Madison, himself – the father of the Constitution – were here today he would agree with me: the whole damn thing is still unconstitutional!

 

obamadash

obamadash (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

 

 

This debate is not new and it’s not over. Hamilton and Madison fought from the beginning about how government would be limited by the enumerated powers.

 

Read more…

Gunny G’s Old Salt Marines Tavern Weblog: A NEW “KING GEORGE”

August 16, 2012 4 comments

 

A NEW “KING GEORGE”July 24 2007 at 9:34 AMNo score for this post GyG Login Dick GainesForum Ownerfrom IP address71.1.245.84A New “King George”July 22, 2007The Nation

 

GyGRet

GyGRet (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

 

column was written by Robert Scheer.http://tinyurl.com/36x4cyGeorge W. Bush is the imperial president that James Madison and other founders of this great republic warned us about.

 

Read more…

Title of Nobility Clause – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (“Mr President; President So-and-So, Etc….”)

August 4, 2012 1 comment

 

President’s title

 

One of the first issues that the United States Senate dealt with was the title of president. Vice President John Adamscalled the senators’ attention to this pressing procedural matter. Most senators were averse

 

English: Barack Obama, President of the United...

English: Barack Obama, President of the United States. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

to calling the president anything that resembled the titles of European monarchs, yet John Adams proceeded to recommend the title:

 

“His Highness, the President of the United States, and Protector of their Liberties,” an attempt to imitate the titles of the British monarch: “By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, Prince-Elector of Hannover, Duke of Brunswick” and the French monarch: “By the Grace of God, Most Christian King of France and Navarre.” Some senators favored “His Elective Majesty” or “His Excellency” the latter of which would become the standard form of address for elected presidents of later republics. James Madison, a member of the House of Representatives, would have none of it.

 

Read more…

Jim R. Schwiesow — That Horse is Already Dead

July 27, 2012 1 comment

 

THAT HORSE IS DEAD

…..I continue to hear the interminable and irksome braying that the nation will be saved by men from a rapidly approaching collapse and that the Constitution will be restored to the state of being created by the founding fathers.

English: Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth Presid...

English: Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth President of the United States. Latviešu: Abrahams Linkolns, sešpadsmitais ASV prezidents. Српски / Srpski: Абрахам Линколн, шеснаести председник Сједињених Америчких Држава. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I am pounded with this wearisome babble every minute of every day and it grates on the nerves like a screech of nails across a blackboard.

People that horse is already dead and has been for a century and a half; the Constitution was spiked through the heart by the uncompromising Hamiltonian enemies of federalism, interred by Abraham Lincoln amid the killing grounds of the civil war, and settled in the grave by the dirt poured upon it by a long succession of dimwitted political centralists. You are now, and always have been, subject to totalitarian control.

THE KILLING OF THE CONSTITUTION

If you do not know James Madison as the father of the U.S. Constitution you should…at the birth of the nation it was his conceptions in regard to an ascendency of personal liberties and a sovereignty of the people that prevailed against all arguments for a monarchy or a totalitarian central government. No one had a greater role in shaping American Constitutional theory and in framing the particulars of representative government than James Madison.

Read more…

Prison Planet.com » Obama Claims Second Amendment About “Hunting” In Gun Control Stunt

July 26, 2012 4 comments

Effort to exploit Aurora massacre for political grist accelerates

President Barack Obama has caved to pressure from his supporters and finally exploited last week’s Aurora massacre to begin the push for gun control, erroneously claiming

President Barack Obama addresses the House Dem...

President Barack Obama addresses the House Democratic Caucus Issues Conference in Williamsburg, Virginia. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

during a speech last night that the second amendment is about hunting and target practice.

Read more…

The Rule of Law by Andrew P. Napolitano

July 19, 2012 3 comments

 

The greatest distinguishing factor between countries in which there is some freedom and those where authoritarian governments manage personal behavior is the Rule of Law. The idea that the very laws that the government is charged with enforcing could restrain the government itself is uniquely Western and was accepted with near unanimity at the time of the creation of the American Republic. Without that concept underlying the exercise of governmental power, there is little hope for freedom.

Read more…

The Rule of Law by Andrew P. Napolitano

July 19, 2012 3 comments

 

English: Judge recording an episode of at CPAC...

English: Judge recording an episode of at CPAC in . (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

The greatest distinguishing factor between countries in which there is some freedom and those where authoritarian governments manage personal behavior is the Rule of Law. The idea that the very laws that the government is charged with enforcing could restrain the government itself is uniquely Western and was accepted with near unanimity at the time of the creation of the American Republic. Without that concept underlying the exercise of governmental power, there is little hope for freedom.

 

Read more…

The Founding Fathers’ Guide to the Constitution by Clyde Wilson

July 15, 2012 17 comments

The federal constitution ratified by the people of the States provided for a limited government to handle specified joint affairs of the States. The document describes itself not as “the U.S. Constitution” or the “Constitution of the United States,” but as a “Constitution FOR the United Statesof America.

Clyde N. Wilson

Clyde N. Wilson (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

” With this in mind, read what follows in the preamble as the purposes of this instrument: “forming a more perfect Union,” “common defense,” and “general welfare.”

Throughout the document “United States” is a plural (the States United) and treason against the United States consists of levying war against THEM.

As clear and simple as these facts are and have always been, grasping them seems to be beyond the abilities of presidents, congresspersons, supreme court justices, and professors of “Constitutional Law” at the most prestigious institutions.

Read more…

Prison Planet.com » Pentagon Takes Over Civilian Duties and Sprays Mosquitos in Florida

July 11, 2012 5 comments

Officialdom in Miami-Dade is working with the U.S. Air Force to spray mosquitos.

“This newest round of mosquito control involves a large C-130 cargo plane based in Ohio to spray Homestead ARB and communities of Doral, West Sweetwater, Kendall, Homestead, Florida City and areas east of U.S. 1, where heavy concentrations of mosquitos have been reported,” CBS Miami reports.

Read more…

The Right To Secede by Joseph Sobran… (The original 13 states formed a “Confederation,” under which each state retained its “sovereignty, freedom, and independence.”)

July 11, 2012 31 comments

How can the federal government be prevented from usurping powers that the Constitution doesn’t grant to it? It’s an alarming fact that few Americans ask this question anymore.

Our ultimate defense against the federal government is the right of secession. Yes, most people assume that the Civil War settled that. But superior force proves nothing. If there was a right of secession before that war, it should be just as valid now. It wasn’t negated because Northern munitions factories were more efficient than Southern ones.

Among the Founding Fathers there was no doubt. The United States had just seceded from the British Empire, exercising the right of the people to “alter or abolish” — by force, if necessary — a despotic government. The Declaration of Independence is the most famous act of secession in our history, though modern rhetoric makes “secession” sound somehow different from, and more sinister than, claiming independence.

Read more…

Obama’s Constitutional Crisis

July 2, 2012 1 comment

By Alan Caruba Monday, July 2, 2012

In 1832, the threat of nullification by States that opposed tariffs on imported goods came close to bringing about a civil war. Thirty years later as cries for the abolition of slavery reached a fever pitch the War Between the States would begin.

Today, in the wake of the Supreme Court decision that found that the Affordable Health Care Act—Obamacare— is constitutional and thereby the law of the land. Republican Governors are lining up to say they will not obey it.

Not only has President Obama and the Democrat Party imposed an enormously unpopular law on the nation, they have initiated a huge constitutional crisis.

Read more…

Media Dismisses Warning About Tyranny and Troops on the Street as Kooky Conspiracy Theory

June 25, 2012 1 comment

Media Dismisses Warning About Tyranny and Troops on the Street as Kooky Conspiracy Theory

  • Print The Alex Jones Channel Alex Jones Show podcast Prison Planet TV Infowars.com Twitter Alex Jones' Facebook Infowars store

Kurt Nimmo
Prisonplanet.com
June 25, 2012

Chad Garrison‘s critique of the news that the Army is driving military vehicles through the streets of St. Louis, Missouri, is typical of the media response to this outrageous event – a local television station’s coverage “really ignited the crazies” in the same way Orson Welles’ War of World radio broadcast did in 1938, Garrison chides.

Media Dismisses Warning About Tyranny and Troops on the Street as Kooky Conspiracy Theory troops in the streets

Garrison, who writes for the River Front Times, neglected to note that Welles’ drama was pure fiction, whereas the troops on the streets of St. Louis are real.

Read more…

James Madison Letter to General Washington

June 16, 2012 2 comments

Two hundred and twenty five years ago, and one month before the Philadelphia Convention, aka the Constitutional Convention, Congressional delegate James Madison responded to a letter from George Washington.

Secretary of State James Madison, who won Marb...

Secretary of State James Madison, who won Marbury v. Madison, but lost Judicial review. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

He offered thoughts on his new plan of government, the Virginia Plan. Compared to the Articles of Confederation it was radical, yet it was structurally close enough to the mixed governments of the States to be familiar as well. It would emerge in modified form five months later as The Constitution of the United States of America.

Read more…

There Ought To Be a Law Against Making So Many Laws

June 14, 2012 2 comments

There Ought To Be a Law Against Making So Many Laws

The Aspen Times ^ | June 14, 2012 | Charlie Leonard

Posted on Thursday, June 14, 2012 9:38:58 AM by Aspenhuskerette

“It will be of little avail to the people that the laws are made by men of their own choice if the laws be so voluminous that they cannot be read, or so incoherent that they cannot be understood; if they be repealed or revised before they are promulgated, or undergo such incessant changes that no man who knows what the law is today can guess what it will be tomorrow.”

Read more…

Holder Declares War On State’s Rights

June 5, 2012 Leave a comment
NEW YORK, NY - JANUARY 20:  United States Atto...

NEW YORK, NY – JANUARY 20: United States Attorney General Eric Holder (center) stands with other officials during a press conference to announce a large-scale takedown of organized crime January 20, 2011 in New York City. A pre-dawn sweep netted over a hundred suspects from seven mob families and are being held under suspicion of murder, extortion, and racketeering. The sweep resulted in one of the largest mob arrests ever by federal authorities. (Image credit: Getty Images via @daylife)

The Department of Justice thinks it can “order” Florida to stop removing illegal non-citizens from her voter registration rolls. The Sunshine State announced it will ignore the “order.” Let’s see Barack Obama and Eric Holder back it up.

English: Barack Obama delivers a speech at the...

English: Barack Obama delivers a speech at the University of Southern California (Video of the speech) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The fight over States’ rights versus the strength of an all powerful central government has been set in motion; the fuse is lit.

Read more…

The Constitution: The God That Failed (To Liberate Us From Big Government) by William Buppert

May 15, 2012 4 comments

by William Buppert

Recently by William Buppert: Secession, Five Years Later

By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt.

~ James Madison

Articles_of_Confederation_1977_Issue-13c.jpg

Articles_of_Confederation_1977_Issue-13c.jpg (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“But whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain — that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it. In either case, it is unfit to exist.”

~ Lysander Spooner

Today, 17 September 2009, is Constitution Day. There will be paeans, abundant commentary and church-like observances of the glories of this document in making us the most blessed nation on planet earth. This essay suggests a contrarian thesis.

The Constitution is an enabling document for big government. Much like the Wizard of Oz, the man behind the curtain is a fraud. In this case, for all the sanctimonious handwringing and the obsequious idolatry of the parchment, it sealed the fate of our liberties and freedoms and has operated for more than 200 years as a cover for massive expansion of the tools and infrastructure of statist expansion and oppression.

Among the many intellectual travels I have undertaken, this is one of the most heart-breaking I have ventured on. I want to acknowledge the compass-bearers who sent me on this journey: Kenneth W. Royce (aka Boston T. Party) and his seminal book, The Hologram of Liberty and Kevin Gutzman’s Politically Incorrect Guide to the Constitution. For most of the political spectrum in America, the document represents their interpretation of how to make this mortal coil paradise.

Read more…

Rick Perry Was Correct by Andrew P. Napolitano

April 26, 2012 Leave a comment

When Texas Gov. Rick Perry, then in the early stages of his short-lived quest for the Republican presidential nomination, referred to Social Security as “a Ponzi scheme,” he was excoriated by the press, left and right, and by his fellow Republicans, as well. Earlier this week, government actuaries revealed that Perry was correct.

Governor Rick Perry of Texas speaking at the R...

Governor Rick Perry of Texas speaking at the Republican Leadership Conference in New Orleans, Louisiana. Please attribute to Gage Skidmore if used elsewhere. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

That revelation, which was greeted with a ho-hum by the media, basically announced that by 2033, 21 years from now, the so-called Social Security trust fund will be empty.

The only reason this was even announced is because we are approaching a presidential election campaign, and in response to Perry’s much-derided claim, the government’s actuaries, who originally told the Obama administration and the public that the fund would be solvent until 2036, re-examined their numbers and concluded that it will be in the red three years earlier than they thought.

Read more…

Golden Apple; Silver Frame

April 24, 2012 2 comments

By Jim ONeill Tuesday, April 24, 2012

“The sacred rights of mankind are not to be rummaged for among old parchments or musty records. They are written, as with a sunbeam, in the whole volume of human nature, by the hand of the divinity itself; and can never be erased or obscured by mortal power.”—Alexander Hamilton (circa 1755-1804)

“…when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government….”—From the preamble to ” The Declaration of Independence

Read more…

Refutation of the Charge That The Framers Perpetrated a Coup d’etat

April 19, 2012 1 comment

Refutation of the Charge That The Framers Perpetrated a Coup d’etat

For a multitude of reasons, political and otherwise, partly inspired by deep-seated fear of any central government with real powers, however limited on parchment–in a written Constitution–the framing of the Constitution was harshly criticized by a number of people throughout the period of the ratification debates.

One of the principal arguments was that the Framing Convention acted beyond the scope of its authority, because it did not limit itself to proposing amendments to the Articles of Confederation, in keeping with the original “call” for the Convention. (Instead it proposed, in draft form, an entirely new instrument for submission to the people for consideration through their specially chosen Ratifying Convention in each State.)

Madison devoted the entire essay number 40 of The Federalist to refutation of this argument. Among the numerous and convincing reasons which he presented in support of the soundness of the Convention’s course, a main one was “the crisis” then confronting the country but only incidentally, in passing, in the process of his analysis. Yet the crisis, caused by the complete breakdown of all pretense of effective government by the Confederation, was alone sufficient to justify the Convention’s new approach to the problem.

The record shows overwhelming evidence of the completeness of this breakdown and of the impossibility of amending the Articles of Confederation so as to produce any effective remedy within its framework. Besides, earlier attempts to amend the Articles had failed. Lacking a real central government, there was for example no possibility of national security through sound national defense, or sound interstate relations economically, financially or politically, much less sound relations with foreign governments. (The previous comments about the Confederation, at pages 120 and 167, are pertinent here.)

Read more…

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,086 other followers