By Kelly OConnell Sunday, June 17, 2012
Of the central core of ideas from socialism and Marxism, none is more important than erecting a government to operate as a kind of default god. While this could seem an accidental effect of Marxism’s war against religion, a better informed explanation exists.
This reveals the real purpose of leftism as one of waging war against, and trying to murder God, Himself. After God is removed from the scene, imposition of a humanistic cult allows mankind to pursue all his desires unfettered.
More importantly—it erases the history of man’s sins against God. This overwhelming need of unregenerate man for secular absolution was one of the key insights of Eric Voegelin in his epic Modernity Without Restraint: The Political Religions, The New Science of Politics, and Science, Politics, and Gnosticism.
The fury against religion endemic in all leftist ideologies can only be understood as a Procrustean commitment to break and recast the fundamental order established in the farthest recesses of human history. On another level this struggle represents the battle between humanistic philosophy against revealed religion. Ultimately, given the spectacular, ghoulish and unprecedented failure of humanism to craft workable government as seen under communism, it is certain that man’s fate is at extreme risk. Therefore, the two essential worldviews of the modern era are posited against each other in this article—Marxism and its ilk versus the biblical view of the cosmos, against a backdrop of the classical worlds of Greece and Rome, where modernism takes its theory of government and man.
I. Theory of Government in Ancient World
In the ancient classical world of Greece and Rome there was no constitutional or natural law theory of government. Instead, a muscular legal system developed, as in Rome—yet the state did not have yet its modern functions. So, for example, permanent prosecutors had yet to be created—so all cases in court were waged by private lawyers. The great Cicero made his reputation on prosecuting Gaius Verres as a private citizen, for instance.
In the classical pagan world, government was the preeminent organization of society without parallel. Since there was no Bill of Rights, people had no defenses against the state. The notion of God-given personal, natural rights as contemplated by church thinkers, like Ockham and Aquinas, would have been seen absurd, if not unintelligible. For example, if warfare broke out, and the state demanded more wealth to wage war, for the citizen to refuse would be tantamount to treason. There was no absolute right to private property.
Within this context, the government operated as a de facto God because there was no theory or body to oppose it. Both Greece and Rome had representational, democratic assemblies, but the powers of these bodies were controlled by the elites. Further, there was no argument regarding whether the state or church should be preeminent since church didn’t exist. Instead, was the priestly college, a number of unrelated religious castes who received their marching orders from the state. For example, during a war the Senate might call for augury, that is a study of bird behavior, to predict the future. Yet it was up to the Senate whether the findings of the augurs were accepted, or how their findings might be applied.
The general theory animating Greek and Roman government was humanistic, pagan, and superstitious theory over an imperfect yet often effective skeleton of democratic and republican bodies.
II. Marxist Theory of Government
A. Marx’s Pagan Government Idea
Marxism rejects the Rule of Law, much like its supposed precursor, socialism. Our entire understanding of leftism must be premised on this fact. Marx himself failed to coherently outline a government theory in any kind of…….
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