The Rejection of America’s Volunteer Military…

The Rejection of America‘s Volunteer Military ^ | February 25, 2013 | Political Calculations


mussobama (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Today, we’re revisiting the topic of the ages of those who served in the U.S. armed forces during World War 2, because we have new information to add to it!

Before we go any further, the reason we’re doing this is because this information plays a key part in one of the projects we’re developing behind the scenes here at Political Calculations, which we’ll be presenting in bits and seemingly unrelated pieces throughout this year.

So what information are we adding today? Well, it’s about the end of volunteerism and the institutionalization of mandatory conscription for filling the ranks of the U.S. Army, Army Air Corps, Navy and Marines during the Second World War.



gophum (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

Air Force Magazine’s John T. Cornell explains more about how the American tradition of volunteering for military service came to be rejected by the executive order of President Franklin D. Roosevelt:

In 1936, an obscure Army major, Lewis B. Hershey, was appointed the executive officer of the Joint Army-Navy Selective Service Committee, set up to prepare for possible mobilization. The panel consisted of two officers and two clerks. Hershey was a former schoolteacher who joined the National Guard in 1911 and transferred to the regular Army after World War I. Nobody, least of all Hershey, dreamed the job would last for decades….

When Germany in 1940 invaded the Low Countries and France, Congress authorized the first peacetime draft in American history. Inductions began in November 1940. The following year, Hershey was promoted to brigadier general and named director of the Selective Service.

A total of 10.1 million men were drafted during World War II. At the beginning of the war, men rushed to enlist, but, from Hershey’s perspective, that ruined orderly conscription. He persuaded President Roosevelt in December 1942 to end voluntary enlistments except for men under 18 and over 38.

Prior to President Roosevelt issuing Executive Order 9279 on 5 December 1942, American men between the ages of 21 and 36 were subject to the military draft. In his executive order, in addition to eliminating volunteerism and fixed-term enlistments, President Roosevelt also took advantage of legislation passed by the U.S. Congress on 11 November 1942 to expand the eligible age range to be subject to the draft to include all men from the ages of 18 through 37. Volunteering for service was only permitted for those under the age of 18 and up to the age of 45 who claimed they could satisfy the military’s enlistment requirements.

The birth years that coincide with these age ranges are shown in our updated chart below:Year to Which an Average U.S. Man or Woman Can Expect to Live, Provided They Have Reached Age 65 and Have Average Remaining Life Expectancy for Birth Years of 1885 through 1945


big (Photo credit: GunnyG1345)

The end of volunteerism with the draft explains why the average age of those who served in World War 2 is 26 – it is the middle of the range from which the pool of those conscripted were drawn into service in the years from 5 December 1942 through the end of the war in 1945.

But more importantly, with how the draft worked during World War 2, by lottery, the age distribution of those conscripted into military service in a given year would be fairly even, rather than being heavily concentrated around a given age.

The size of any bell-curve that might normally have formed was therefore minimized as a result of the policy.

That evenness of age distribution among those who served in the armed forces during World War II, in turn, explains a lot of things that turn up repeatedly in various datasets after the war. And that is something we’ll be revisiting throughout the year….


via The Rejection of America’s Volunteer Military.




Enhanced by Zemanta

About Gunny G

GnySgt USMC (Ret.) 1952--'72 PC: History, Poly-Tiks, Military, Stories, Controversial, Unusual, Humorous, etc.... "Simplify...y'know!"
This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

38 Responses to The Rejection of America’s Volunteer Military…

  1. Pingback: SHTF In March: Veteran Law Enforcement Officer Comes Forward To Warn America (Video) | Alternative | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  2. Pingback: Company With Ties to the Federal Gov’t Designs Unsettling Targets for Law Enforcement Community…/ ““What if I told you police in your town could desensitize themselves to the idea of shooting a (armed) child, pregnant woman, or young mothe

  3. Pingback: Forget Guns…How About More ‘Congress Control’? Part 2 | American Clarion | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  4. Pingback: Ignoring American History… (As Always, See Reader Responses…) | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  5. Pingback: Russia Threatens Nuclear War Against America – End Times News Update | International | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  6. Pingback: What Rush Limbaugh Didn’t Say | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  7. Pingback: Andrew Breitbart – War | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  8. Pingback: Hannity Issues New Attack on Ellison… | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  9. Pingback: The Hottest Trend out of Hollywood: “War Sells!” | Global Research | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  10. Pingback: Ex-Russian General: America Must Be Kept At Gunpoint | Military | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  11. Pingback: The Joint Chiefs of Staff should be worried…..| Save America Foundation | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  12. Pingback: DUty to Disobey…. “During the Iran-Contra hearings of 1987, Senator Daniel Inouye of Hawaii, a decorated World War II veteran and hero, told Lt. Col. Oliver North that North was breaking his oath when he blindly followed the commands of Ronald

  13. Pingback: DUty to Disobey…. “During the Iran-Contra hearings of 1987, Senator Daniel Inouye of Hawaii, a decorated World War II veteran and hero, told Lt. Col. Oliver North that North was breaking his oath when he blindly followed the commands of Ronald


  15. Pingback: DHS/FEMA Raising an Army… – | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  16. Pingback: A 21st Century Patriot’s Dream… (Ron Holland Archive!) by Ron Holland | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  17. Pingback: Governments Are Losing Legitimacy Will they start world wars to retain power? Has the Bell Begun To Toll for China? ~ Article by Pat Buchanan. | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  18. Pingback: Is the U.S. Becoming a Banana Republic… | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  19. Pingback: Video: Sean Hannity Declares Canadian-Born Ted Cruz Eligible To Be President; Cruz Dodges | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  20. Pingback: Martin Lewis: General Pace, You Can Save the US – by Arresting Bush for “Conduct Unbecoming” | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  21. Pingback: Dragon Bones: The Mystery of the Peking Man… “…a Marine during World War II, returned home after the war with a box containing fossils, thought to be the Peking Man…” | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  22. Pingback: Air Force Chaplain Awarded Bronze Star for PowerPoint Teaching Proper Sensitivity for the Koran | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  23. Pingback: Obama ‘declares war’ on U.S. military (Take a look at alarming slough of presidential actions) | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  24. Pingback: Revisiting history: Did Jack Ruby predict the America of today? | Veterans Today | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  25. Pingback: Judge Orders Taitz To Stop Seeking Legal Advice From Court: Congress Rejects Subpoenas | Birther Report: Obama Release Your Records… | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  26. Pingback: U.S. Still Making Payments to Relatives of Civil War Vets (143 Years Later, V.A. Still Pays Out) | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  27. Pingback: Ancient History and Modern Constitutional Powers of American Sheriffs (Part 2/2) | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  28. Pingback: 71st Anniversary: Roosevelt’s Concentration Camps by Gary North… “e about it in 2001. A few sites did pick it up. The History Channel didn’t…” | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  29. Pingback: Compulsory Schools, Competitive Sports and the State by Charles A. Burris | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  30. Pingback: Christians Are Extremists Like al-Qaeda, U.S. Army Taught Troops… | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  31. Pingback: Our Enemy, The Empire ~ From Grammar School to Battlefield With Richard Maybury by Anthony Wile … “The federal government has gone renegade, and if it is not returned to the Constitution, especially the Bill of Rights, the country will be des

  32. Pingback: A Duty to Disobey All Unlawful Orders » Counterpunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  33. Pingback: Why We Must Fight to The Death Against The Fascists… “Anybody who is even partially aware knows that a fascist coup d’etat has taken place in the West. History teaches us that if we do not fight this take over to the death, we will be killed

  34. Pingback: How Long Before The Left Completes Its Takeover Of The Military? | Asylum Watch | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  35. Pingback: The Pentagon’s War on Religion « Coach is Right… “…the politically correct goons in the Department of defense are working to silence any opposition to the Gay Agenda. Military Chaplains are being silenced. (4) Soldiers are being taugh

  36. Pingback: DoD Issues Instructions on Military Support of Civilian… | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

  37. Pingback: Presidential Executive Orders; Constitutional or Criminal?… “When an executive order creates or amends Federal regulations or creates or amends existing law, those orders are illegal and are impeachable offenses. “ | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GU

  38. Pingback: Are Christians an Endangered Species in the U.S. Military? | AMERICAN BLOGGER: GUNNY.G ~ WEBLOG.EMAIL

Comments are closed.