By Kelly OConnell Monday, August 5, 2013
The American Republic was founded upon Revolution. Talk of resisting King George’s tyranny had long been in the air in the colonies. When the crown refused to take heed of the colonists complaints, the Americans decided they had a right to take up arms in their grievance. Most importantly, the naturally religious Americans found biblical warrant for their armed resistance against tyranny in the ancient world and also in great theologians like Thomas Aquinas, John Calvin, Johanne Althusius and Samuel Rutherford.
Of course, Americans did not invent revolution, or the idea that a free people had the right to rebel against unjust authority. In fact, this idea goes back far into the recesses of history. First, in the classical world, both the Greeks and Romans declared the right to fight against tyrants. Second, the New Testament writers were opposed to tyranny. This is the first of a two-part historical explanation of the sources the Founders used to create a biblical argument for their defense against tyranny.
The term “tyrant” is from the classical lexicon, which Webster defines as:
An absolute ruler unrestrained by law or constitution, a usurper of sovereignty; or a ruler who exercises absolute power oppressively or brutally, one resembling an oppressive ruler in the harsh use of authority or power.
The case of Julius Caesar presents a case of fatal pride. Caesar, one of the most brilliant leaders in history became too ambitious and desired to rule Rome as the sole, permanent leader of the people. He was assassinated for his efforts, on the Ides of March. That day the Senate planned to offer him the kingship of the Roman Republic, which Brutus and his conspirators put a permanent end to.
Fortunately, the American people can use the political process of impeachment today, instead of resorting to violence, when removing a leader…………………….