The government in Washington DC has been long referred to as “The Swamp.” Lately, he federal government is becoming known as a “Deep State,” a state or government controlled more by bureaucrats than by the officials elected by the voters of that state. President Donald John Trump has not fit in the American “Deep States” by accommodating the entrenched federal bureaucracy. President Trump and some of the most powerful parts of the federal government appear to be locked in battle. This is a short history of the “Deep State” from George Washington to Donald John Trump.
The American deep state came into being when George Washington first imagined the United States of America to be a Republic upon his election to the office of President of the United States of America. Washington was aided and supported by other Founding Fathers including Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and Benjamin Franklin, who when asked at the conclusion of the Constitutional Convention, “What have you wrought?” answered, “… a Republic, if you can keep it.” Washington, however, was not elected President of a Republic. Washington was elected President of the United States of America, the Confederacy created by the unanimous ratification of the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777. He became President of the United States merely by taking the Article II, Section 1, Clause 8 oath for that office.
Washington and the rest of the Founding Fathers, as delegates to the Constitutional Convention, sensed that by the end of Convention he was destined to be President. The Framers of the Constitution knew the Constitution was written in such a way that would make combining the two offices of President the result of the simple addition of an inauguration. Washington was easily elected to the only elected executive office under the revised Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777. Having achieved the office vested with the executive power the Articles of Confederation, Washington easily obtained the legislative power of the Office of the President of the United States by taking the oral oath required for that office at the inauguration devised for that occasion.
Since George Washington, the American Presidency has consisted of two offices: President of the United States of America and President of the United States. Article II, Section 1, Clause 5, Office of President refers to the President of the Confederacy, the United States of America and Article I, Section 7, Clause 2 refers to a President of the United States who is essentially an Officer of the Senate. The American President is the leader of the state claimed to be a democracy. This democracy is supported by registered voters who claim to be citizens of the United States.
The person elected to be President of the United States of America by what is today called the Electoral College is the person with the executive power of the government known as “The United States of America,” which is, officially, the Confederacy consisting of 50 States. These States have retained their independence so an oath of office by the executive officer to the Confederacy is neither appropriate nor required. The Articles of Confederation is the Constitution of the United States of America and is referred to as the Constitution for the United States of America in the Preamble to “this Constitution.” The authority of the President of the United States of America is derived from Article II of “this Constitution” cited in the Constitution of the United States.
Nothing would drain the swamp faster than widespread knowledge that the American Presidency is really two offices. My Basic Course in Law and Government is the only source of all the information that is needed to prove the two-headed presidency.
Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera